Hydro Energy History in Albania

Albania is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. The hydrographic territory of Albania has a surface of 44,000 km2 or 57% more than the national area of Albania. The average height of the hydrographic territory of Albania is very large, about 700 m above sea level. The average perennial total inflow of Albanian rivers is about 1,245 m3/s. All Albanian rivers running to the sea about 40 billion water cubic meter/year.

HYDRO RESERVES IN ALBANIA are:
  • Vjosa; Length km 272, Catchment area km2 is 6.706, Average flow. m3/s is195,
  • Semani, Length km 281, Catchment area km2 is 5.649, Average flow. m3/s is 95,7,
  • Shkumbini Length km 181, Catchment area km2 2.441, Average flow. m3/s is 61,5,
  • Erzeni Length km 109, Catchment area km2 is 760, Average flow. m3/s is 18,1,
  • Ishmi Length km 74, Catchment area km2 is 673 Average flow. m3/s is 20,9,
  • Mati Length km 115, Catchment area km2 is 2.441, Average flow. m3/s is103,
  • Drini Length km 285, Catchment area km2 is 14.173 , Average flow. m3/s is 352,
  • Buna Length km 41, Catchment area km2 is 5.187 Average flow. m3/s is 320,

ALBANIAN HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL:
Actual situation ,
6 big HPP in operation: 1421.5 MW,
37 small HPP in operation: 34.5 MW,

Main generation base are:
Cascade on Drini river: 1350 MW,
Cascade on Mati river: 49 MW,
Cascade on Bistrica river: 27.5 MW.

Possibilities for water potentials utilization:
Theoretical potential energy: 4500 MW.
Exploited potential: 1461 MW.

CURRENT SITUATION OF HYDROPOWER SECTOR
  • DRINI RIVER: Drini river derives from Ohri lake of Macedonia and Rugova Mountains in Kosovo running to Adriatic Sea. The Hydropower potential: 1750 MW. On Drini river are actually constructed: − Vau i Dejes HPP, with installed capacity: 250 MW; Fierza HPP, with installed capacity: 500 MW;− Komani HPP, with installed capacity: 600 MW; Project-proposals under the concession issue procedure− Skavica HPP, with installed capacity 350 MW and Ashta HPP, with installed capacity 48.2 MW.
  • MATI RIVER: Mati river derives from Burreli and Peshkopia areas running to the Adriatic sea. Hydropower potential: 112 MW, On Mati river, actually, are constructed:− Ulza HPP, with installed capacity 25 MW − Shkopeti HPP, with installed capacity 24 MW.
  • DEVOLLI RIVER: Devolli river derives from Devolli and Korca areas running to Adriatic Sea after its bundling with Osum river. The Hydropower potential: 350MW; Project-proposals under the concession issue procedure: It is signed the concession contract of HPP’s cascade on Devolli river .
  • OSUMI RIVER: Osumi river is the main branch of Semani river, total length is 161 km. The water-accumulation surface is 2150 sq km and 828 m above the sea level. The Project-proposals under the concession issue procedure: It is prepared the technical and economic feasibility study of projects for HPP’s construction on Osumi river, which will be notified from the Albanian Government as solicited proposals.
  • VJOSA RIVER: Vjosa River derives from Pindi mountains of Greece. Hydropower potential: ≅ 400 MW, On Vjosa river actually is constructed Kalivaçi HPP, with installed capacity 90 MW. The Project-proposals under the concession issue procedure: It’s prepared the technical and economic feasibility study of projects for HPP’s construction on Vjosa river, which will be notified from the Albanian Government as solicited proposals.
  • BISTRICA RIVER: Bistrica River derives from Delvina (Saranda), south-east of Albania running to Jonian Sea. On Bistrica river actually are constructed: Bistrica 1 HPP, with installed capacity 20 MW, Bistrica 2 HPP, with installed capacity 5 MW
SMALL HYDRO POWER PLANTS IN ALBANIA
There were 90 SHPPs in Albania constructed before the year 1990,with installed capacity from 20 kW to 9200 Kw.
Till now are put in operation only 37 SHPP. The average long life of SHPP is about 30 years.

ACTUAL ADMINISTRATIVE STATUS OF SHPP.
32 HPP, with installed capacity 24.4 MW have obtained the concessionary contract.
16 HPP, with installed capacity 2 MW are owned by private companies
21 HPP, with installed capacity 10.9 MW are owned by state.

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LAW “ON CONCESSIONS” IN HYDROPOWER SECTOR unsolicited proposals
83 concessionary contracts approved by Ministers Council Decision,
with total installed capacity 980,6MW and power generation of 3805 GWh/year,
including contracts of Ashta HPP and HPP’s cascade on Devolli river.

Llapaj HPP

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Banje HPP

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